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Boost Your Restaurant With Catering Services: Rules And Essentials

By Trevor Stone

Since people love food, a restaurant is a good business to venture. But, would that be enough to survive the industry? The food industry is a large and competitive business. A restaurant owner must be creative in his approach in order to gain more profit. And one of the best ways to earn extra is catering. But, catering demands more skills and a lot of hard work. If done correctly, it will not only improve business but also a good method to market.

Rules in Restaurant Catering

Organisation: This is the main key point in any catering service. A restaurant should be well organised and coordinated to be able to hold a large crowd of people. A system is necessary to control the overall flow of the event. An orderly service attracts more clients and redefines your reputation.

Head Count: This refers to the number of guests the customer foresees to attend. This is very vital because it will provide a figure on how much food the restaurant will prepare. The customer should also know that even if the number of guests is less than expected, he or she still pays for the given head count. This is in fact fair since you cooked that much food even if only few attended.

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Time Limit: Since some parties tend to last longer than usual mainly if restaurant serves alcoholic drinks, a time limit should be set. Four to six hours is enough to host a party inclusive of the dining and program. Setting a time limit helps the business further. Restaurants can charge extra fees when events exceed time, earning more income.

Minimum Number of Guests: A restaurant should have a fix minimum number of guests. Because it is a business, it should be profitable. Why cater a party of four to six when you can handle triple the amount. You should make enough out of the events to make it worth doing.

The Essentials of a Successful Restaurant Catering

Type of Catering Service: There two types of catering service: On-premise and Off-premise catering. Off-premise catering is taking the food to the client’s place outside the restaurant. On-premise service caters food to customers within the restaurant grounds like inside function halls and private rooms. Restaurants with special built-in function rooms and well-decorated dining rooms will boost sales and attract extra business. You can charge more fees when catering in-house since you provide extra service.

Catering Menu: The menu is the most crucial part in restaurant catering. It should be flexible enough to match the needs of the customers. It is different from the dining menu offered in restaurants. Some foods do not last longer than usual, which is at times not ideal for catering. So, do not offer anything and everything. Carefully select and pick the best food suitable for every event.

Catering Fees: Restaurant fees should cover all expenses in the catering service plus the profit. These may include: transportation fee, room fee, clean up fee, etc. However, avoid adding unnecessary extra costs. Or else, potential consumers may think you cheated. Avoid issues of overpricing since it can destroy reputation. Fees should always be reasonable and affordable.

Catering is indeed the best way to boost a restaurant business. It will not only increase your sales but also widen your client base. In addition, it is also a creative way to prop up your business with ease. You do not only boost sales but also gain more clients through word-of-the-mouth promotion. As long as you provide the best service and satisfy your customer, it is a sure win for your restaurant business.

About the Author: Need a place to host a special occasion like wedding or birthdays? Find the best

catering services

near you. At

Catering food

Locally, you will find the most comprehensive list of caterers in UK.

Source:

isnare.com

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Talks with TGWU and Gate Gourmet to resume later today

Saturday, August 13, 2005 

The Transport and General Worker’s Union and Gate Gourmet, the company that laid off 500 workers after workers staged unofficial strike action, will attend further talks held at a conciliation service by the Advisory Conciliation and Arbitration Service (ACAS) on Saturday.

The director of Gate Gourmet, Richard Wells, denied that he was being “heavy-handed” over the dismissals. He insisted that the people affected were spoken to, and given written warnings before they were sacked.

As a result of British Airways (BA) staff at Heathrow joining Gate Gourmet’s staff in the strike action, BA are running 50% of their short-haul flights, and 40% of their long haul flights today from 0600 BST/UTC+1. They are expecting to add more flights to the schedule as the day progresses, so passengers are advised to check the British Airways website.

Analysts said that the disruption may lose BA next to £40m because of the refunds that the company are paying out, loss of flight revenue, and the costs of accommodating passengers in nearby hotels.

Only passengers with confirmed reservations have been allowed to board flights at Heathrow. Barriers have been placed around Terminal 4 to stop people without reservations from joining flights. There are limited catering services on-board the flights.

British Airways advises passengers to telephone +44 (0)800 727 800 or check their website before travelling to the airport. They also said that they would refund customers that had to stay in a hotel on Friday night up to £100.

It is noted by passengers, though, that the advice line can be engaged for long periods, so users of the telephone line need to be patient.

Qantas, Finnair, GB Airways, Sri Lankan Airlines, and British Mediterranean are also affected, as they were serviced by BA’s ground staff. Their telephone numbers are listed below.

Times Square bomb suspects arrested in Pakistan

Saturday, May 22, 2010 

At least six suspects, wanted in connection with a failed car bomb attempt in Times Square, New York City on May 1, have been arrested by authorities in Pakistan. The arrests follow a visit to Pakistan by two high-ranking American security officials—US National Security Adviser Gen James Jones and Leon Panetta, director of the Central Intelligence Agency, both of whom praised Pakistan for its efforts in tracking down suspects in the bomb attack.

Amongst those arrested are the co-owner of a large company which provides catering to several embassies in Pakistan and a major in the Pakistani Army, though the Army released a statement denying any involvment. Some are believed to have been educated in the United States. A notice on the website of the US embassy in Islamabad reported that the catering company co-owned by one of the suspects had links to terrorism and has since advised US citizens against using the firm.

Those arrested are believed to have had links with Faisal Shahzad, the primary suspect in the bombing, who was arrested on May 3 on board an aircraft at New York’s JFK Airport.

One source told Reuters: “We are investigating whether Ashraf has provided any financial support to Faisal because Ashraf and his father are rich people and they run a very big catering business” though another stated that “[t]hey may be innocent because being friends does not mean you are involved in the activities of your friends”.

The suspects are currently being detained by the Pakistani security services, who are known to have close links with the CIA, to the extent of allowing CIA officials access to prisoners.

Talks with TGWU and Gate Gourmet to resume later today

Saturday, August 13, 2005 

The Transport and General Worker’s Union and Gate Gourmet, the company that laid off 500 workers after workers staged unofficial strike action, will attend further talks held at a conciliation service by the Advisory Conciliation and Arbitration Service (ACAS) on Saturday.

The director of Gate Gourmet, Richard Wells, denied that he was being “heavy-handed” over the dismissals. He insisted that the people affected were spoken to, and given written warnings before they were sacked.

As a result of British Airways (BA) staff at Heathrow joining Gate Gourmet’s staff in the strike action, BA are running 50% of their short-haul flights, and 40% of their long haul flights today from 0600 BST/UTC+1. They are expecting to add more flights to the schedule as the day progresses, so passengers are advised to check the British Airways website.

Analysts said that the disruption may lose BA next to £40m because of the refunds that the company are paying out, loss of flight revenue, and the costs of accommodating passengers in nearby hotels.

Only passengers with confirmed reservations have been allowed to board flights at Heathrow. Barriers have been placed around Terminal 4 to stop people without reservations from joining flights. There are limited catering services on-board the flights.

British Airways advises passengers to telephone +44 (0)800 727 800 or check their website before travelling to the airport. They also said that they would refund customers that had to stay in a hotel on Friday night up to £100.

It is noted by passengers, though, that the advice line can be engaged for long periods, so users of the telephone line need to be patient.

Qantas, Finnair, GB Airways, Sri Lankan Airlines, and British Mediterranean are also affected, as they were serviced by BA’s ground staff. Their telephone numbers are listed below.

For The Sound Of Tranquility Add A Fountain To Your Garden

Submitted by: Jon Kilminster

Of all the things that make up a garden, a fountain is one of the most pleasing. Whether it a hot summer day or a cool autumn night, the sound of water is one of the finest things to engender a feeling of calm and peace.

There’s something about the sound which speaks to something deep in us. Any garden can benefit from having a fountain. It’s one of the most enduring and alluring parts of any well-designed and planned garden.

Fountains have a rich history, and have been a feature of parks and cities for centuries. So bringing a fountain into your garden or your home, not only brings tranquility, but also a sense of history.

Traditionally, a fountain was a simple construction, where water came from a source to fill a basin. The basin overflowed and the water then drained away. But times have changed, and so have the type of fountains available.

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A fogger (or mister as they can be known) create misty effects round the fountain. Sometimes they are sold as a single unit, and sometimes sold on floats of up to 9 units. The single units are the right size for small fountains but usually are too small for a pond. Ultrasonic misters create a low level fog that fills in the area surrounding it.

And the types of materials used is growing too. With the ability to purchase a pre-designed fountain for the interior that mimic commercial copper, tempered and glass wall fountains, you can benefit from the tranquility of water flow in a work of art!

If you hire an interior decorator, they may choose to have a specially designed, custom-built wall fountain: something unique. However, with many do-it-yourself homeowners and business owners, a more affordable option is to take a look at what pre-designed interior (exterior, too) fountains are available.

And don’t forget a fountain for indoors. With unlimited possibilities available, table top fountains can add understated beauty or grandeur to any room in your house. Fountains are a worthy investment even for those who hesitate to spend money on aesthetics.

Beyond eye-catching appeal, you’ll find that fountains have practical health benefits.

Cascading water reduces stress by bringing a sense of tranquility into a room as it engages the senses sight, sound, and even smell. Research has shown that moving water can improve air quality by cleansing the room of dust particles and working as a humidifier.

One of the most common features of a fountain, if there is enough pressure, is a jet or multiple jets, where water is forced into the air under pressure to some height. This is among the more expensive options for a home fountain.

Early Modern English employed fountain to refer to a natural spring water or source, which the 16th century garden fountain might consciously imitate in a grotto.

But which fountain should you choose? There are many different types on the market and the type of fountain you choose will have a dramatic effect on the atmosphere of your garden.

Take your time to think of the effect you want to create. Tranquil or lively. Then choose a fountain type for the mood you want to create. Just remember that a fountain will add a wonderful effect for your garden, whichever you choose.

About the Author: Jon Kilminster writes about the home. His website

gardenfountainscene.com

gives advice on how to choose the best fountain for your garden or home.

Source:

isnare.com

Permanent Link:

isnare.com/?aid=55231&ca=Home+Management

New Kyrgz interior minister says force may be used, riot police clash with protesters in Bishkek

Wednesday, March 23, 2005 

About 200 riot police violently broke up a peaceful, anti-Akayev protest of some 300 to 400 people and arrested 20 to 30 protesters in the capital city of Bishkek on Wednesday, just hours after President Askar Akayev appointed head of police in the city, Keneshbek Dushebayev, as new interior minister.

“Our primary task is to restore constitutional order in all regions,” the new interior minister said. “The law gives us every right to take action, including by using physical force… and firearms.”

Akayev has previously stated that he would not resort to force to end protests.

Akayev dismissed Interior Minister Bakirdin Subanbekov and the general prosecutor, Myktybek Abdyldayev, earlier in the day. According to a spokesman for Akayev, Abdil Seghizbayev, the dismissals were for issues relating “to the events in the south and their poor work on preventing those events.”

Seghizbayev stated that Prime Minister Nikolai Tanayev would visit the southern city of Osh for negotiations on Thursday, but said there would not be talks with “criminal groups that are controlling the situation there.”

Elsewhere in Bishkek, approximately 10,000 people held a pro-government demonstration as riot police guarded key government buildings and main roads were sealed off. Several demonstrators said they had been coerced into taking part.

“Our classes were cancelled and we were told to be here at the meeting in support of Akayev,” a Kyrgyz National University student said.

“We are protesting instead of working now,” said an employee of the interior ministry at the rally.

Neighboring Tajikistan also sealed border crossing points from Kyrgyzstan into the country because of the unrest.

Tabletop fusion may lead to neutron source

Sunday, May 1, 2005 

A UCLA team, headed by Brian Naranjo, has observed the nuclear fusion of deuterium nuclei in a tabletop device. The device uses a lithium tantalate (LiTaO3) pyroelectric crystal to ionize deuterium atoms and accelerate the ions towards a stationary erbium deuteride (ErD) target. Fusion of two deuterium nuclei results in the emission of helium nuclei (alpha particles), neutrons and gamma rays. The team anticipates applications of the device as a tabletop neutron generator, or in “microthrusters” for space propulsion. It is possible that there may be applications related to nuclear weapons, although this possibility is not discussed in the research paper.

This development is not related to earlier claims of tabletop fusion or “cold fusion” having been observed during sonoluminescence. In fact, the leader of the team behind this development was one of the main critics of earlier low-temperature fusion claims.

This device is not the first reliable tabletop fusion device; the Farnsworth-Hirsch fusor, developed in the early 1960s in the laboratory of Philo T. Farnsworth who was instrumental in developing television, is sold commercially as a neutron source. Research by Dr. Todd Rider of MIT suggests that the kind of non-equilibrium fusion produced in these sources will never be usable as an energy source (see his PhD thesis).

British TV presenter Rico Daniels tells Wikinews about being ‘The Salvager’

Saturday, March 14, 2009 

Rico Daniels is a British TV presenter living in France who is known for his two television series — The Salvager — whilst he still lived in the UK and then Le Salvager after he moved to France. Rico has been in a variety of jobs but his passion is now his profession – he turns unwanted ‘junk’ into unusual pieces of furniture. Rico’s creations and the methods used to fabricate them are the subject of the Salvager shows.

Rico spoke to Wikinews in January about his inspiration and early life, future plans, other hobbies and more. Read on for the full exclusive interview, published for the first time:

Wikinews How was it you first came to be interested in salvaging?

I grew up in Basildon New Town very close to the enormous spoil heap that later became the green hills of Gloucester Park. There was all sorts of stuff dumped by developers and local businesses that was pure treasure trove to all the London kids that had moved down there. I suppose I was actively seeking play material from as young as 5 I suppose. My dad had big plans for me and tended to buy me “educational” stuff for Xmas. Things like encyclopaedias, microscope, chemistry set. That sort of stuff. Great for the brain but not what you’d call a toy. I ended up playing with my dad’s tools and using whatever I could drag off the spoil heap as material.

WN What makes ‘good’ rubbish, and how do you tell it apart from other junk?

I dont look at junk as junk. To me its raw material like any other but with added benefits. I like to preserve the patina of age and sometimes decay where it brings an interesting element to a build. Faded paintwork and oxidised metal are dripping with history and add shedloads of character to anything they’re included in. Materials obviously have to be sound and usable otherwise you’d just be using crap to make more crap.

WN What differences are there between salvaging in your home of France and back here in Britain, and what simply doesn’t change when you cross the border?

The advantages of France as a source of build material is that there are so many more opportunities to chance on stuff that may be 2 or even 3 centuries old. Hand made hinges and latches, ancient oak boards etc. My favourite hunting places are the ashes of old farmers fires . I pull out astonishingly interesting bits of hand forged ironwork. The thing that stays constant from one country to the other is that people can have amazingly good stuff but see little or no value in it leaving the field wide open for anyone that has a little vision.

WN You say on your website that you are working on an idea for a new show. Can you tell us a bit more about that?

Theres not much I can say about doing a new show apart from the fact that whatever I did I would insist on retaining my integrity. My shows have all been optimistic and upbeat which I would have thought the essential ingredients of any TV to take us through a recession. Don’t think I could do the nasty vote -the -others off type show. I certainly wouldn’t be happy adhering to the clicheed scripts so many celebs seem happy to stick to and you will never see Rico Daniels wearing a frock on the Paul O Grady show. Seems a step too low for a bit of cash.

WN When you go out looking for materials, presumably you never know what you’re going to find. When you look at what’s available, how do you come up with a vision of what you’re going to make from it?

The best work I do grows over time. I have hundreds of galvanised boxes full of “components”. I like assembling the elements of a build to be like a piece of art. TV demands a faster pace than I normally like which was fun though at some point I would like people to see what can really be created with a bit of care and careful planning.

WN You are also into a bit of axe throwing, I understand. Do you ever do this competitively?

My axe throwing which has been more implied than seen was something that I started doing at “western” camps in Germany. It was organised as a competition there hitting a range of targets on marked posts. I use it now as a way of letting off steam. I also throw circular saw blades usually at a target I call WMD Tony. Chills you right out.

WN As you rightly mentioned when you announced your new show concept, it is very hard to get a hold of money these days in any sizable amount – people are holding on to it. What effect has this got on salvaging – will it encourage it as people look for alternatives, or will the supply of cheap materials be decreased?

I have always found an increase in the amount of stuff available in a recession. A lot more people turn to DIY, ripping out salvageable stuff that a man such as myself could use. I have seen tons of good gear as Ive been going round London over the last fortnight. It broke my heart to leave it in the skips.

WN Between writing for Brit Chopper magazine and customizing your jeep, you clearly enjoy the open road. What do you look for in a vehicle? Given the chance to have any one ride you wanted, what would you be driving?

As far as vehicles, go, the Jeep Wrangler presses all the right buttons for me. It is totally suited to the area I live and though an accursed 4×4 I plan my trips carefully to do as many things on a single journey as possible. I would lay money that I create less CO2 than a lot of eco drivers in “green” vehicles and what I do create I hope is being absorbed by the huge number of maturing trees I planted on my own land. I would like to build a trike for France though the French law is difficult in respect of a custom vehicle. Hopefully there will be a way through the red tape and I can get one under way. I also have an emergency 250 in the barn that so aint as harley I ain’t gonna dignify it with a description.

Building The Perfect Cubby House For Children

Building the Perfect Cubby House for Children

by

MyCubby House

Children are precious and innocent. They need to be protected, preserved and offered the best things in life. Often the most precious and memorable events in an individual s life occur during their childhood. People regret not enjoying their childhood more than any other incident. If you are looking to create a happy and comfortable playing area for your kid, you might do well to opt for a cubby house. These are small portable play rooms for children. This practice is growing popular among many families in recent times. With easy to build cubby houses present in the market, it is also a preferable addition to any home.

The cubby hole is a practice since a long time. Many American homes had a separate space or tree houses for children to play and enjoy their summer holidays in. With the changing form of home constructions, it has become difficult for parents to create the perfect backyard for their children. The kids cubby house provides them with a happier and safer alternative. There are many parents who opt to add these playhouses in their yard to ensure that their children have a happier and memorable childhood. These cubby holes are the perfect way to add space to your home.

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Safety is one of the most essential features when opting for a kid s cubby house. It is important that the place be safe and devoid of any harmful shapes which can affect your children. The material used for the construction of the cubby home is also of great importance. Regardless of the popularity of these constructions, it is important that you choose from the best services present in the market to build your child s play home. Materials like fiberglass, plastic and wood are among the most popular choices.

There are many specialized services which offer parents help in building imaginative and creative cubby houses for their children. You can find these services with ease on the internet. These services work with you to help create a spectacular playhouse for your children in the backyard. From adding swings, rope ladders and slides to the color scheme and design of the cubby, you can ensure a complete customization of the construction. This can help make your backyard a lovable repose for your children and their friends.

The cubby house is a very important addition to any home. It can help children to find their freedom and discover their inner creativity. In a world where privacy is increasingly suffering, the playhouse offers children a place for their own innocent games. This can be the perfect way to build a memorable childhood for children. Finding these services on the internet has made the task simpler and more time saving for many parents. Parents should take care in opting for the right service with credible experience and popularity on the internet. Some of the services also offer children the opportunity to design their own cubbies. This can be the perfect opportunity to let your child have a fun and happy childhood.

My Cubby is the author of this article on

Cubby

. Find more information on

Cubbies

here

Article Source:

ArticleRich.com

User:Amgine/SG Details-T

Where possible, use the -t as opposed to the -ed suffix to form the simple past or past participle of verbs. This is controversial in some cases, believed by some (primarily North American) contributors to be archaic. In fact the -t form is far more widespread than many realize, is often more succinct, occasionally avoids confusion with an adjectival form (eg, the learned scholar learnt in her youth.) The following are especially recommended:

Avoid verb use; in the UK it means to bring forward or take action, while in the USA it means the opposite.

Singular. Plural form is tableaux.

Although derived from French, the phrase has a specifically English sense of a complete meal for a fixed price, and so is not italicized as a foreign term.

Overused, clichéd.

Adjective, proper noun, and language are all Tajik.

The noun.

The verb, never hyphenated.

The noun.

The verb.

Avoid; prefer participate.

Never use except in direct quotes (and then, never censor as take the p— or anything similar.)

Not Taleban. A plural proper noun. (Translation of Pashto ??????: “students” or “seekers”)

Not talkshow.

Hyphenated; plural tally-hos.

The woolen hat named after Tam o’Shanter from the eponymous Robert Burns poem.

Trade name of oseltamivir, an anti-viral drug. It is not a vaccine.

Full formal title is Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), but Tamil Tigers is sufficient in most cases. However, do not shorten to either Tamil or Tigers alone; either might be misleading as over-broad.

No final ‘s’.

The vice-executive head of the Irish government, similar to Deputy Prime Minister. Note the title is not capitalizedi in Irish Gaelic, but it is capitalised when used as a proper noun in English.

The executive head of the Irish government, similar to Prime Minister. Note the title is not capitalized in Irish Gaelic, but it is capitalized when used as a proper noun in English.

Avoid use as a verb; prefer to aim, to direct. Attempt to restrict its use to military/hostile actions

Never tarriff.

Tartan is most commonly used to describe a plaid woolen fabric, generally one whose coloring pattern is associated with a military or Scottish association. By no means are these patterns limited to such organizations, or solely associated with the British Isles; similar patterns date from the Neolithic era.

Trademark; the generic term is stun gun. Note that most countries classify this weapon as deadly

Also, tattooer, tattooist, tattooment, and tattooage. But never tattoed.

No hyphen. Taxman is cliché, and often pejorative, therefore avoid use except in direct quotes.

Full name Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.

Clichéd loan-word from Yiddish; avoid. Plural is tchotchkes.

There are regional variations and exceptions; a private Japanese-style tea house differs from a retail teahouse, for example.

Sporting teams are generally plural, no matter the actual proper noun, in most contexts. Example: The Wild are leading in their conference. The exception is in business reporting. Example: The New York Jets reported its largest annual revenues.

Hyphenate.

The FTSE techMARK 100, in that capitalization, a technology index on the London stock exchange.

Do not use as a substitute for the adjective teenage, teenaged.

Not teatotal, or other variants.

Not Teheran.

Full name Telefónica S.A., note acute accent.

In general, there is no benefit, ever, to reporting a phone number on Wikinews.

If a phone number must be recorded, use the country code with prefixed ‘+’, and the national phone number format which usually involves a city or area code number, sometimes a local exchange number, and finally the phone number. For example, a US phone number might appear as +1 123 456-7890. A UK number might appear as +44 0151-234 8464. Note that specific punctuation is the style used in the given country; hyphenation and parentheses are used as sparingly as possible.

TV is acceptable in either headlines or body text. Use full station title on first use, abbreviations are acceptable thereafter (Canadian Television Network, thereafter CTV; Australian Broadcast Company Television, ABC-TV, etc.) Where a specific broadcaster is not known, use the construction [region] television, for example, Norwegian television blah blah.

Television programme titles are italicized, as with other creative works. See #titles of works.

The preferred form, except in articles specifically about weather events in the United States, is 15C (59F), minus 20C (-4F). Note the use of “minus”, not negative. Outside parens, prefer the word and not the symbol. There is no need to use ° or the word degree. Do not refer to temperatures as “hot” or as “cold”; use high or low.

Avoid the use of temperature changes; they are very prone to errors. A temperature rise of 2C is not a rise of 36F – it is actually a rise of approximately 4F.

Not ten-pin. Tenpin bowling is the sport, while each pin is also a tenpin, particularly in the UK.

Not terraced house.

In almost all cases, avoid use except in direct quotes. In particular, avoid gratuitous use as a marketing ploy by groups attempting to spin or bias the press, such as “anti-terrorism legislation” or “war on terrorism”. Terms such as guerrilla or insurgent, paramilitary, armed gangsters, or similar are generally more specific and may be more applicable to a given situation.

Be aware a government or state actor may use terror as a tool to govern or exert influence, and in fact is usually better equipped and positioned to do so than any small group of opposition.

For cricket or rugby, capitalised. For cricket this is used only for games between official Test nation teams (Australia, Bangladesh, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, West Indies, Zimbabwe.) For rugby it is used for matches between official national teams. Other matches are lower-cased test matches.

With circumflex and grave accents.

The adjectival form is Texas, as Texas Cowboys, Texas wildlife, while the noun for a person from Texas is Texan.

Single word, no hyphen, same as guidebook, handbook, etc.

The former Prime Minister of Thailand, Thaksin at second mention. (Note: Convicted of fraud and corruption in absentia, Thaksin is now a citizen of Montenegro.)

Highly toxic element.

Highly teratogenic pharmaceutical.

Overused, and often incorrectly used. “That” defines, “which” gives additional information.

In news writing, use “that” to connect a subordinate indicating clause, or as a determiner to indicate a specific noun. Do not use as a pronoun, adverb. Do not assume constructions “[name] said” must be followed by “that”; only use that when necessary for clarity. He said no explanation would be forthcoming sounds like an exact quote, which might be misleading. He said that no explanation would be forthcoming is less ascriptive, however She said the effort must be made is more vigorous than She said that the effort must be made.

Acceptable usage:

Questionable usage:

Unacceptable usage:

(See also which)

Upper case in titles of books, poems, works of art, television or radio shows, place names. In most other contexts, lower case. Note especially, newspapers are lower case, the Washington Post, the Globe and Mail, or the Times.

Do not use this construction. Use constructions such as then Prime Minister, or who was President at the time, or Mrs Clinton (then Miss Rodham). Note: no hyphen.

In names, generally lowercase where appended as the Bolshoi theater, Shanghai Grand theater, upper case where preceding in names as Theatre Royal, Covent Gardens, Theatre Rhinoceros.

May often be omitted without any alteration to the meaning of the sentence. There are three challengers aiming to get the job vs. Three challengers aim to get the job.

Ownership is without an apostrophe.

This is a trade mark, and needs capitalisation.

Avoid constructions similar to think early-Edwardian. Simplest alteration is to add the word ‘of': think of early-Edwardian.

Preferred over thinktank or think tank.

Do not use except in direct quotes. (Also do not use firstly, secondly, etc.)

Must agree with subject in number.

Caps. Avoid as the term is dated and objectionable (referring to countries neither aligned with the western powers nor the eastern powers during the w:Cold War.) Prefer instead newly industrialized countries, developing economies, or developing nations, or related constructions.

See Social titles

Do not italicise or put in quotes the title of a work of art. Words in a title of a work of art take an initial cap, a, and, at, for, from, in, of, on, the, to, with (except in initial position.) Note this capitalisation does not apply to the subtitle, if any.

Over-used and often bombastic; avoid clichés/pleonasm use such as thorough investigation, thorough inquiry, thorough check, and thorough reform.

Never hyphenated.

No hyphens.

Third generation mobile telephony.

Not threshhold.

Located within Beijing.

Avoid use other than related to tides. See tsunami.

General formats:

Weeks begin on Monday, but Sunday references to the following week are this week. Avoid starting anything with Last week

Do not insist on placing a time reference at the start of the sentence or paragraph. You would not say “I this morning ate breakfast,” so do not write “The Premier this morning announced…” Make the time element a natural part of your sentence. “The initiative announcement was one of several in the Premier’s morning press conference.”

Formerly East Timor. Full title Democratic Republic of Timór-Leste. Yes, I know en.WN uses East Timor: it’s wrong in doing so.

Book titles, poems, songs, albums, and any other artistic work are not italicised, quoted, nor in bold font. Words in a title are capitalised, excepting a, and, at, for, from, in, of, the, to; the exception to the exceptions being when in the initial position or after a colon.

Social titles are uniquely relevant to geography. The general rules described in the Style guide serve for most situations. A planned sub-section will be SG Details-Social titles.

The phrase is generally over-used. However, the use as subjunctive clause preceding a statement, eg To be fair, his economic policies…, must be avoided. The phrase is unnecessary, and biasing as it introduces doubt regarding earlier statements.

In general, avoid. See rant at Relative time.

Refers to the room, not the lavatory

In general, avoid. See rant at Relative time.

Avoid verb use; prefer add up to, amount to, similar constructions. Noun use is normal.

See also numeracy regarding creating sums.

The preferred term for a seismic-induced sea wave. Tsunami is a term borrowed from Japanese (??, ??, ???), and usually refers to a wave caused by tectonic or volcanic forces.